**John von Neumann**

Bio

http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Biographies/Von_Neumann.html

Mathematician (died 1957) who made major contributions to a vast range of fields including set theory, quantum mechanics, economics and game theory, and computer science. Explored cellular automatons and self assembly.

**Stanislaw Ulam**

Mathematician (died 1984) who worked in number theory, set theory, etc. Explored cellular automatons and self assembly with von Neumann.

**John Conway**

Bio

http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Biographies/Conway.html

Creator of the cellular automaton Game of Life

**Benoît Mandelbrot**

Father of fractal geometry who uses mathematical patterns in the study of various phenomena, including financial markets.

**Stephen Wolfram**

Personal web site

http://www.stephenwolfram.com/

Known for work in cellular automata, complexity theory, and computer algebra, and creator of the computer program Mathematica.

**Gregory Chaitin**

Home Page

http://www.cs.auckland.ac.nz/~chaitin/complete.html

Contributions to algorithmic information theory and the notion that extreme complexity can be generated by simple rules.

**Rudy Rucker**

Home Page

http://www.cs.sjsu.edu/faculty/rucker/

Mathematician and science fiction writer who’s book, The Lifebox, the Seashell, and the Soul, suggests that the world is a computation.

**Lee Smolin**

Advocate for loop quantum gravity, an alternative to string theory.

**Ray Kurzweil**

About Ray Kurzweil

http://www.kurzweiltech.com/aboutray.html

Kurzweil’s information service

http://www.kurzweilai.net/index.html?flash=1

Advocate of the Singularity, the notion that technology develops exponentially, and that human and machine intelligence will merge.

**David Deutsch**

Web site

http://www.qubit.org/people/david/

**Craig Venter**

Venter institute

http://www.tigr.org/

I instrumental in mapping the human genome. Now discovering new genes and designing new organisms.

**John Smart**

Bio

http://www.accelerationwatch.com/bio_johnsmart.html

Futurist and scholar of accelerating change.

**Eric Drexler**

Home Page

http://e-drexler.com/p/idx04/00/0404drexlerBioCV.html

Pioneer in molecular nanotechnology.

**Ralph Merkle**

Home Page

http://www.merkle.com/

Pioneer in public key cryptography and a researcher and speaker on molecular nanotechnology and cryonics.

**Jeffrey Kipnis**

Faculty page

http://knowlton.osu.edu/default.asp?content=29&faculty=27

Additional faculty page

http://www.arch.columbia.edu/index.php?pageData=10516

Physicist and architectural theorist with an interest in genomics.

**Karl Chu**

Faculty Page

http://www.arch.columbia.edu/index.php?pageData=28630

Architect applying genomics to the generation of architecture and urban form.

**Haresh Lalvani**

Work in AlgoRhythms

http://www.milgo-bufkin.com/algorhythms/index.html

Architect/morphologist working in higher dimensions and is working to decode the morphological genome, the rules unlerlying all form.